Access to, use of, https://www.geotrips.org.nz ("the Site") constitutes your agreement to be bound by these Terms and Conditions. We reserve the right to amend these Terms at any time. You are deemed to be aware of and bound by the amendments to the Terms upon publication on the Site. You should review these Terms and Conditions periodically.

GeoTrips Information

The information available on or through this website is intended to provide general educational information to the public. It is a compilation of information that has been provided voluntarily by a large number of people. All reasonable measures have been taken to ensure the information is true and accurate to the best of GNS Science's knowledge. However neither GNS Science, nor any of the contributors, guarantee the accuracy of the information provided on the website and we accept no responsibility for losses or injury to any individual resulting from its use.

GNS Science and the GeoTrip Contributors

  • may change, delete, add to, or otherwise amend information contained on this website without notice; and
  • are not responsible for the content of other websites linked to or referenced from this website. We neither endorse the information, content, presentation, or accuracy of such other websites, nor make any warranty, express or implied, regarding these other websites. We cannot guarantee that these links will work all of the time and we have no control over availability of the linked pages.
  • do not accept any liability for any damage caused by acting on, reading, sharing or downloading any materials from this site.

Health and Safety

The health and safety information on this web site is based on the subjective opinion of the authors and must be regarded as suggestive only. It can NEVER replace your own judgement. Geological fieldwork inevitably involves some level of risk, which can vary according to the characteristics of the location, the environmental conditions, the activities chosen, the abilities of the people involved and the equipment carried. Moreover, the hazards at a given location may change following publication of a GeoTrip.

Leading Field Trips

If you are the leader of a field trip, you should always inspect sites beforehand and develop your own specific safety / risk management plan taking into account all hazards that can be reasonably predicted. This should take into account your observations and judgements of the potential environmental conditions, your personal experience of leading field trips, the capabilities of the participants in your charge and available expert advice including weather, tide or snow conditions and any other pertinent information.

Copyright of the information provided on individual GeoTrips is owned by the originating author of that GeoTrip. Copyright of all other generic information on the site is owned by GNS Science. It is offered under the Creative Commons licence. which means that you are free to:

  • Share - copy and redistribute the material in any medium or format
  • Adapt - remix, transform, and build upon the material for any purpose, even commercially.

The licensor cannot revoke these freedoms as long as you follow the license terms


GNS Science is committed to protecting the privacy and security of users of the GeoTrips website.

You may browse and access information contained within this website without providing any personal information.


Where you voluntarily provide personal information (eg, through email feedback, or signing up to GeoTrips), we will only use that information for the purpose it was collected. We will keep any such information secure and will not disclose it to any third parties.

Google Analytics

The GeoTrips site uses Google Analytics, a web analytics service provided by Google Inc.

Google Analytics uses cookies. The information generated by the cookie about your use of the site is transmitted to, and stored by Google on servers in the United States. Google uses this information for the purpose of evaluating how you use this site, compiling reports on site activity, and providing other services relating to site activity and internet usage.

Google may also transfer this information to third parties where required to do so by law, or where such third parties process the information on Google's behalf.

Google will not associate your IP address with any other data held by Google.

When you use this site you consent to the processing of data about you by Google, in the manner and for the purposes set out above.


We want you to rate and comment on individual GeoTrips. Please use common courtesy and common sense when you interact with others on the GeoTrips website or related social media. We reserve the right to delete comments and block users at our own discretion.

We use Disqus to manage our comments. Disqus is a third-party (not owned by GeoTrips) system used by millions of websites.

You can sign in using your Facebook, Twitter or Google+ accounts, or you can create (and sign in with) a specific Disqus account. This will work on other sites that use Disqus too.

Disqus allows you to comment, vote on comments, share posts on social media, follow commenters and discussions and more.

GeoTrips authors will also be logging into the comments from time to time to share information or respond to questions. This service is provided by Disqus and is subject to their privacy policy and terms of use.